R-hub v2


R-hub v2, i.e. version 2 or later of the rhub package is a completely new check system. In this acticle we highlight the differences between the old and the new system.

There are two ways to use R-hub v2. The recommended way is to store your R package in a GitHub repository and use the rhub_*() functions to start checks on GitHub Actions, using your own GitHub account.

Alternatively, if you don’t want to store your R package at GitHub, you can use the rc_*() functions to run checks in a shared GitHub organization at https://github.com/r-hub2, using the R Consortium runners. See more about the R Consortium runners below.

Transitioning from R-hub v1

Requirements for using R-hub v2

  • First, you need a GitHub account.
  • Second, you need to have your R package in a GitHub repository. In your local git clone make sure that the origin git remote is set to the GitHub repository.
  • Third, you need a GitHub Personal Access Token and you need to store it in the git credential store on your machine. You can use gitcreds::gitcreds_set() to add the token to the git credential store.

Call rhub_setup() from the local git clone to set up R-hub v2 for your package. This adds a GitHub Actions workflow to your local repository. Push this change to GitHub, into your default git branch and then you are ready to call start checks with rhub_check().

Differences from R-hub v1

  • The check picks up the package from GitHub, so it does not use changes in your local git clone. You need to push the changes to GitHub first. You can use a non-default branch, with the branch argument of rhub_check().
  • You’ll not get an email about the check results. But you’ll receive regular GitHub notifications about check failures, unless you opt out. Github can also turn these into emails if you like.
  • There is no live output from the check at the R console. See the ‘Actions’ tab of your repository on GitHub for a live check log.
  • Many more specialized platforms are available.
  • Most platforms use binary packages, so checks and in particular installing dependencies is much faster.

Private repositories

GitHub Actions is free for public repositories. For private repositories you also get some minutes for free, depending on the GitHub subscription you have. See About billing for GitHub Actions for details.


You can run checks on any branch that you push to GitHub, but you’ll need to add the R-hub workflow file (.github/workflows/rhub.yaml within your repo) must be present in both the default branch (usually main) and also in the branch you want to run the check on.

The R Consortium runners

If you don’t want to put your package on GitHub, you can still use the rhub package to run package checks on any supported platform using a shared pool of runners in the https://github.com/r-hub2 GitHub organization.

The process is similar to the first version of R-hub:

  • Set your working directory to the R package you want to check.

  • Obtain a token from R-hub, to verify your email address:


    (You do not need to do this, if you already submitted packages to a previous version of R-hub from the same machine, using the same email address. Call rc_list_local_tokens() to check if you already have tokens.)

  • Submit a build with

  • Select the platforms you want to use, and follow the instructions and the link provided to see your check results.

Limitations of the R Consortium runners

  • You package will be public for the world, and will be stored in the https://github.com/r-hub2 organization. Your check output and results will be public for anyone with a GitHub account. If you want to keep your package private, you can put it in a private GitHub repository, and use the rhub_setup() and rhub_check() functions instead.
  • The R Consortium runners are shared among all users, so you might need to wait for your builds to start.
  • You have to wait at least five minutes between submissions with rc_submit().
  • Currently you need to create a GitHub account to see the check logs of your package. You don’t need a GitHub account to submit the checks.

To avoid these limitations (except for the neeed for a GitHub accounr), put your package in a GitHub repository, and use the rhub_setup() and rhub_check() functions instead of rc_submit() and the R Consortium runners.